NeuroStar TMS Therapy® Provider | (559) 493-5544 | 1312 W. Herndon Ave. Suite 102 Fresno, CA 93711

(PTSD) Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Post-traumatic stress disorder is a type of anxiety disorder that occurs after seeing or experiencing a traumatic event that involved the threat of injury or death. Traumatic events include natural disasters, being a victim of crime (assault, domestic violence, rape), terrorism, and war.

While the symptoms of PTSD have been around for centuries, the medical coummunity has been slow to recognize it.  It wasn't until 1980 that the American Psychiatric Association officially added PTSD as a diagnosis. Throughout history, PTSD has been called a number of different names.  Most of these names were associated with the one traumatic event that resulted in the highest concentration of PTSD- war. It was called "soldier's heart" during the Civil War, "shell shock" during World War I, and "battle fatigue" during World War II.

The cause of PTSD is unknown and can occur at any age. It is not known why traumatic events cause PTSD in some people but not in others.  In the United States 7%-8% of people will develop PTSD in their lifetime, 5 million people suffer from PTSD at any one time, and women are twice as likely as men to develop PTSD. The numbers go much higher for children who have seen a parent killed or been sexualiy abused.

The symptoms of PTSD fall into three main categories which are: re-experiencing, avoidance, and hyperarousal.  Re-experiencing the event through "flashbacks" where the event seems to be happening again, recurring and intrusive memories of the event, nightmares of the trauma, or strong uncomfortable reactions to situations that remind you of the event.  Avoidance which causes feelings of detachment, being unable to remember important aspects of the trauma, having a lack of interest in normal activities, avoiding things or thoughts that remind you of the event, or feeling like you have no future. Also, it is not uncommon to feel guilt about the event (including "survivor guilt").  Hyperarousal causes an exaggerated startle response, hypervigilance, or outbursts of anger. 


Treament requires a qualified health professional and can include support groups, medication, and psychotherapy.  TMS is being studied for the treatment of PTSD with promising results.

Current Iraq War PTSD Statistics

  • While less than 10 percent of the general population will develop post-traumatic stress syndrome, one in six soldiers returning from Iraq suffer from it.
  • Enlisted men are twice as likely than military officers to report PTSD.
  • American women serving in Iraq tend to suffer from more severe and debilitating forms of PTSD.
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Bradley T. Wajda, D.O. PC
1312 W Herndon Ave, Suite 102
Fresno, CA 93711
Phone: (559) 493-5544
Fax: (559) 493-5166

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